Barium Acetate Formula

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Barium acetate is a chemical compound with the formula Ba(C2H3O2)2. It is a salt composed of barium ions (Ba2+) and acetate ions (C2H3O2−). This compound is commonly encountered in both academic and industrial settings due to its various applications across different fields.

Chemical Structure: The chemical formula for barium acetate, Ba(C2H3O2)2, indicates that each unit of barium acetate contains one barium ion (Ba2+) and two acetate ions (C2H3O2−). The barium ion is a cation with a charge of +2, while the acetate ion is an anion with a charge of -1. This results in the overall neutral charge of the compound.

Physical Properties: Barium acetate typically appears as a white crystalline solid. It is soluble in water, meaning it can readily dissolve in water to form a clear solution. The solubility of barium acetate in water makes it useful for various applications where aqueous solutions are required.


  1. Laboratory Reagent: Barium acetate is commonly used in laboratory settings as a reagent in various chemical reactions. It can act as a source of barium ions, which may participate in precipitation reactions or other chemical processes.
  2. Textile Industry: Barium acetate finds application in the textile industry as a mordant. Mordants are substances used to fix dyes to fabrics, improving their colorfastness and ensuring the dye adheres firmly to the textile fibers. Barium acetate assists in this process by forming complexes with dyes and fibers, enhancing the dyeing process.
  3. Pyrotechnics: Barium compounds are frequently employed in pyrotechnic formulations to produce green-colored flames. Barium acetate is one such compound used in the production of green fireworks and other pyrotechnic displays.
  4. Catalysis: In certain chemical reactions, barium acetate can serve as a catalyst or a precursor to catalysts. Catalysis refers to the acceleration or initiation of chemical reactions by a substance that itself remains unchanged at the end of the reaction. Barium acetate’s catalytic properties find utility in various organic synthesis processes.

Safety Considerations: While barium acetate has several useful applications, it is essential to handle it with care due to potential health hazards associated with barium compounds. Barium compounds, including barium acetate, can be toxic if ingested or if there is prolonged exposure to the skin. Proper safety precautions, including the use of personal protective equipment and adherence to handling guidelines, should be observed when working with this compound.

Barium acetate is a chemical compound with the formula Ba(C2H3O2)2.

Here’s a breakdown of the formula:

  • Ba: This represents the element Barium, which has a charge of +2 (Barium ion).
  • (C2H3O2): This represents the acetate ion, which is a polyatomic ion with the formula C2H3O2 and a charge of -1.
  • 2: Since Barium has a charge of +2 and each acetate ion has a charge of -1, we need two acetate ions to balance the charge and achieve an overall neutral compound.

Therefore, the complete formula for Barium acetate is Ba(C2H3O2)2.

It’s important to note that Barium acetate is a toxic compound and should be handled with care. If you are working with Barium acetate, it is important to wear appropriate personal protective equipment and follow all safety protocols.

In conclusion, barium acetate is a versatile compound with applications ranging from laboratory chemistry to industrial processes. Its ability to form aqueous solutions, along with its role as a mordant and catalyst, underscores its importance in various fields. However, careful handling and adherence to safety protocols are paramount to mitigate potential health risks associated with its use.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) – Barium Acetate Formula

1. What is the chemical formula for barium acetate? The chemical formula for barium acetate is Ba(C2H3O2)2. It is composed of one barium (Ba) ion and two acetate (C2H3O2) ions.

2. What is barium acetate used for? Barium acetate has various applications, including the production of other barium compounds, as a mordant in textile industry dyeing processes, in the manufacture of PVC stabilizers, and in the preparation of peroxides.

3. Is barium acetate soluble in water? Yes, barium acetate is soluble in water. It dissolves readily in water to form a clear, colorless solution.

4. What are the physical properties of barium acetate? Barium acetate typically appears as a white crystalline solid. It has a density of approximately 2.47 g/cm³ and a melting point of around 450°C.

5. Is barium acetate toxic? Barium acetate is toxic if ingested or inhaled. It can cause irritation to the respiratory tract, skin, and eyes. As with all chemicals, it should be handled with care, following appropriate safety measures and protocols.

6. How is barium acetate prepared? Barium acetate can be prepared by reacting barium carbonate or barium hydroxide with acetic acid. The reaction results in the formation of barium acetate along with water and carbon dioxide as byproducts.

7. Can barium acetate be used in food or pharmaceutical applications? Barium acetate is not generally used in food or pharmaceutical applications due to its toxicity. It is primarily utilized in industrial processes and chemical synthesis.

8. What safety precautions should be taken when handling barium acetate? When handling barium acetate, it’s important to wear appropriate personal protective equipment, including gloves and safety goggles, to prevent skin and eye contact. Avoid inhaling dust or vapors by working in a well-ventilated area. In case of ingestion, seek medical attention immediately.

9. Can barium acetate be stored safely? Barium acetate should be stored in a cool, dry place away from incompatible substances and sources of heat or ignition. It should be kept tightly sealed in its original container and out of reach of children or unauthorized persons.

10. Is barium acetate environmentally friendly? Barium acetate, like many barium compounds, can have environmental impacts if not properly managed. It is important to handle and dispose of it according to local regulations and guidelines to minimize any potential harm to the environment.

1. What is the formula for barium acetate?

The chemical formula for barium acetate is Ba(CH3COO)2. This formula tells us:

  • Ba: One atom of barium (Ba)
  • (CH3COO): Two acetate ions (CH3COO⁻)

2. What does the formula tell us about barium acetate?

The formula tells us:

  • Barium acetate is an ionic compound, meaning it consists of charged ions.
  • It has a 1:2 ratio of barium ions to acetate ions.
  • Each acetate ion has the formula CH3COO⁻, which consists of a carbon atom (C), three hydrogen atoms (H), and two oxygen atoms (O) bonded together in a specific arrangement.

3. Is there another way to write the formula?

Yes, you can also write the formula as Ba(C2H3O2)2. However, this format hides the presence of the polyatomic ion (acetate) and might be less informative for some purposes.

4. What are some properties of barium acetate?

  • Barium acetate is a white crystalline solid.
  • It is soluble in water.
  • It decomposes upon heating.
  • It is toxic and should be handled with care.

5. What are some uses of barium acetate?

  • Barium acetate is used in producing other barium compounds.
  • It is used as a mordant in dyeing and printing textiles.
  • It is used as a reagent in organic chemistry.

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